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Asia

Japan

Advanced Technology and Research Institute (ATRI) & Japan Petroleum Energy Center (JPEC). Effects of Ethanol or ETBE Blending in Gasoline on Evaporative Emissions for Japanese In-Use Passenger Vehicles | LINK

  • Diurnal breathing loss (DBL) emissions significantly increased with 3vol% ethanol-blended gasoline (E3 gasoline), compared to base gasoline (non-oxygenated gasoline).